Hip arthritis, a degenerative joint condition characterized by inflammation and deterioration of the hip joint, can significantly impact one’s quality of life. While surgery has been a common treatment approach, advances in regenerative medicine and image-guided therapies offer promising non-surgical alternatives. In this blog, we will explore innovative image-guided treatments—Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP), Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs), Prolotherapy, Viscosupplementation, Radiofrequency Ablation (RF Ablation) and explore evidence-based non-surgical approaches, including physiotherapy exercises for hip joint strengthening, modalities such as IFT, TENS, and ultrasound, hydrotherapy, and ozone injection therapy that aim to manage pain and improve function for individuals dealing with hip arthritis.

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)


Intrarticular Platelet Rich Plasma Injection done under fluoroscopy

PRP therapy harnesses the healing properties of platelets to promote tissue regeneration and reduce inflammation. In image-guided PRP treatments for hip arthritis, the injection is precisely guided to the affected joint, ensuring optimal placement. Research suggests that PRP can stimulate the growth of cartilage and modulate inflammatory processes, offering pain relief and improved joint function

Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)

Mesenchymal stem cells, obtained from the patient’s own bone marrow or adipose tissue, possess the potential to differentiate into various cell types, including those essential for joint repair. Image-guided injection of MSCs directly into the hip joint has shown promise in reducing pain and improving function for individuals with hip arthritis. The precise placement of MSCs under guidance enhances the therapeutic impact of this regenerative approach.



Anatomy model illustration of the anterior hip ligaments. This picture demonstrates a Prolotherapy injection of the anterior portion of the iliofemoral ligament and pubofemoral ligament from the front of the hip.

Prolotherapy, a regenerative injection therapy, involves the injection of a solution to stimulate tissue repair and strengthen ligaments. Image guidance ensures accurate delivery of the solution to the affected areas of the hip joint, promoting stability and reducing pain. Prolotherapy can be particularly effective in addressing the underlying causes of arthritis, such as joint laxity and instability


Viscosupplementation involves injecting hyaluronic acid into the joint to enhance lubrication and reduce friction between bones. This procedure, guided by imaging techniques, is designed to alleviate pain and improve joint mobility. Studies have indicated that viscosupplementation can provide sustained relief for hip arthritis patients, enhancing their overall quality of life

Radiofrequency Ablation (RF Ablation)


RF ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that uses heat generated by radiofrequency energy to disrupt pain signals from nerve tissues. In image-guided RF ablation for hip arthritis, the targeted nerves are precisely identified, providing effective pain management without the need for surgery. This technique offers a viable option for individuals seeking long-term relief from arthritis-related pain

Physiotherapy Exercises for Hip Joint Strengthening

Physiotherapy exercises are a cornerstone in the non-surgical management of hip arthritis. Strengthening the muscles around the hip joint helps provide stability, reduce pain, and improve functionality. Key exercises include

  1. Hip Flexor Stretch : Helps alleviate tightness in the front of the hip.
  2. Straight Leg Raises : Targets hip flexors and abductors.
  3. Clamshells : Strengthens the hip abductor muscles.
  4. Wall Squats : Engages quadriceps and hip muscles for overall support.

These exercises, when performed under the guidance of a physiotherapist, can contribute to better joint mechanics and enhanced quality of life

Modalities: IFT, TENS, and Ultrasound

  1. Interferential Therapy (IFT) : IFT involves the use of low-frequency electrical currents to stimulate nerves and reduce pain. Studies have shown its effectiveness in managing pain associated with hip arthritis by promoting circulation and reducing muscle spasm.
  2. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) : TENS delivers low-voltage electrical currents to the skin, disrupting pain signals. Research supports its use in hip arthritis, providing a non-invasive method for pain relief.
  3. Ultrasound Therapy : Ultrasound waves penetrate deep tissues, promoting circulation and reducing inflammation. This modality can be beneficial in managing pain and stiffness associated with hip arthritis.


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Hydrotherapy, or water-based exercises, offers a low-impact environment for individuals with hip arthritis. The buoyancy of water reduces stress on the joints while allowing for effective strengthening and flexibility exercises. Hydrotherapy has been shown to improve joint mobility and reduce pain in individuals with hip arthritis

Ozone Injection Therapy

Ozone injection therapy involves injecting ozone gas into the affected joint, aiming to reduce inflammation and promote tissue healing. Research suggests that ozone therapy can be a safe and effective adjunctive treatment for hip arthritis, providing symptomatic relief and potentially slowing disease progression


Image-guided treatments represent a significant leap forward in the non-surgical management of hip arthritis. PRP, MSCs, prolotherapy, viscosupplementation, RF ablation and ozone injection when administered with precision under imaging guidance, offer targeted relief, promoting tissue repair, reducing inflammation, and improving overall joint function. Non-surgical interventions, such as physiotherapy exercises, modalities like IFT, TENS, and ultrasound and hydrotherapy offer a holistic approach to managing hip arthritis. These evidence-based therapies aim to enhance joint function, reduce pain, and improve overall quality of life. Combining these non-invasive treatments, guided by the expertise of healthcare professionals such as At Alleviate, can empower individuals to actively participate in their journey towards better hip health.


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FAQs on Treatment for Hip Arthritis Without Surgery

Non-surgical options for treating hip arthritis include:
  • Physiotherapy and Exercise: Targeted exercises to strengthen the hip muscles and improve flexibility.
  • Modalities (IFT, TENS, Ultrasound): Electrotherapy and ultrasound to manage pain and inflammation.
  • Hydrotherapy: Water-based exercises for low-impact strengthening and flexibility. Intra-articular Injections: Such as Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP), Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs), and ozone therapy to promote healing and reduce inflammation.
  • Oral Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and pain relievers to manage symptoms.
Yes, physiotherapy is a crucial component of non-surgical management for hip arthritis. A physiotherapist can design a tailored exercise program to improve joint mobility, strengthen supporting muscles, and enhance overall function. Physiotherapy aims to reduce pain, improve flexibility, and promote better joint mechanics, allowing individuals to manage hip arthritis symptoms without resorting to surgery.
Effective exercises for strengthening the hip joint in arthritis include:
  • Hip Flexor Stretch: Eases tightness in the front of the hip.
  • Straight Leg Raises: Targets hip flexors and abductors.
  • Clamshells: Strengthens hip abductor muscles.
  • Wall Squats: Engages quadriceps and hip muscles.
  • Aquatic Exercises: Gentle water-based exercises for improved mobility.
A physiotherapist can guide individuals through these exercises, ensuring proper form and gradual progression to enhance strength and reduce hip arthritis symptoms.
Hydrotherapy, or water-based exercises, offers a low-impact environment that reduces stress on the hip joints. The buoyancy of water allows for gentle yet effective strengthening and flexibility exercises. Hydrotherapy contributes to hip arthritis management by:
  • Reducing Joint Impact: Minimizing weight-bearing stress on the hip joints.
  • Improving Range of Motion: Water's resistance enhances joint flexibility.
  • Enhancing Muscle Strength: Resistance from water strengthens supporting muscles.
  • Providing Pain Relief: Warm water can soothe arthritic discomfort during exercises. Supervised by a trained professional, hydrotherapy can be a valuable non-surgical approach to managing hip arthritis symptoms.
Modalities such as Interferential Therapy (IFT), Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), and ultrasound play important roles in hip arthritis treatment:
  • IFT (Interferential Therapy): Uses low-frequency electrical currents to reduce pain, stimulate circulation, and alleviate muscle spasms.
  • TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation): Delivers low-voltage electrical currents to disrupt pain signals and provide pain relief.
  • Ultrasound Therapy: Utilizes high-frequency sound waves to penetrate tissues, promoting circulation, reducing inflammation, and relieving pain.
These modalities are non-invasive, complementing other non-surgical interventions for hip arthritis and contributing to pain management and improved joint function. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice based on your specific condition.
While exercise is crucial for managing hip arthritis, certain activities may exacerbate symptoms. It's advisable to avoid high-impact exercises such as running and jumping, as they can increase stress on the hip joints. Additionally, deep lunges, leg presses with heavy weights, and activities that involve excessive twisting should be approached with caution. Always consult with a physiotherapist or healthcare professional to create a customized exercise plan that suits your condition.
Non-surgical treatments can help manage symptoms, improve joint function, and potentially slow down the progression of hip arthritis. Modalities like physiotherapy exercises, injections (PRP, MSCs, ozone), and lifestyle modifications contribute to pain relief and support joint health. While these interventions may not reverse advanced stages of arthritis, they can be effective in preserving joint function, enhancing mobility, and improving overall quality of life.
The evidence supporting the use of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) for hip arthritis is promising. Research studies have suggested that PRP injections can help reduce pain, improve function, and enhance the quality of life for individuals with hip arthritis. PRP contains growth factors that may promote tissue repair and modulate inflammation in the hip joint. Clinical trials and studies continue to explore the efficacy of PRP as a non-surgical treatment for hip arthritis, with positive outcomes reported in various cases.
Ozone injection therapy involves injecting ozone gas into the affected joint. Ozone is believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It may work by:
  • Reducing inflammation: Ozone may modulate the immune response, decreasing inflammation in the joint.
  • Promoting tissue repair: Ozone may stimulate the production of growth factors, supporting the healing process.
  • Alleviating pain: Ozone injections may interfere with pain signals, providing relief to individuals with hip arthritis.
While ozone injection therapy is considered safe in many cases, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine its suitability for your specific condition.
Dietary changes can play a role in managing hip arthritis pain. Consider the following:
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Found in fish oil, flaxseeds, and walnuts, omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce arthritis-related inflammation.
  • Vitamin D and Calcium: Adequate vitamin D and calcium intake is crucial for bone health. Include dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods in your diet.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Foods: Incorporate foods with anti-inflammatory properties, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts.
  • Limit Processed Foods: Reduce the intake of processed foods, sugars, and saturated fats, as they may contribute to inflammation.
It's essential to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian to create a personalized dietary plan tailored to your specific needs and condition. Dietary changes are part of a holistic approach to managing hip arthritis symptoms in conjunction with other non-surgical treatments.
Over-the-counter supplements like glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are commonly used to manage symptoms of hip arthritis. While research results have been mixed, some studies suggest that these supplements may provide relief for certain individuals by supporting joint health and reducing pain. It's important to note that results can vary among individuals, and consulting with a healthcare professional is advisable before starting any new supplement regimen.
The success rate of Mesenchymal Stem Cell (MSC) therapy for hip arthritis can vary based on factors such as the severity of arthritis, patient characteristics, and the specific protocol used. Some studies have reported positive outcomes, including reduced pain and improved function. However, more research is needed to establish standardized protocols and determine the long-term effectiveness of MSC therapy for hip arthritis.
There is no strict age limit for non-surgical treatments in hip arthritis. The appropriateness of these treatments depends on the individual's overall health, the severity of arthritis, and other factors. Non-surgical interventions, including physiotherapy, injections, and lifestyle modifications, can be considered for a broad range of age groups. Consultation with a healthcare professional is essential to determine the most suitable treatment plan based on individual circumstances.
The timeframe for experiencing results from non-surgical interventions for hip arthritis can vary from person to person. Some individuals may notice improvement in symptoms, such as reduced pain and enhanced mobility, within a few weeks to months of starting treatment. However, it's important to be patient, as the effectiveness of non-surgical interventions may continue to evolve over time. Regular follow-ups with healthcare providers can help monitor progress and make necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.
While hydrotherapy is generally considered safe and beneficial for individuals with hip arthritis, precautions should be taken:
  • Supervision: Always perform hydrotherapy exercises under the supervision of a trained professional.
  • Water Temperature: Ensure that the water temperature is comfortable and does not exacerbate joint stiffness.
  • Proper Technique: Follow the prescribed exercises with correct form to prevent injury.
  • Gradual Progression: Start with gentle exercises and gradually increase intensity to avoid overexertion.
  • Individualized Approach: Tailor hydrotherapy exercises to your specific condition and limitations.
Consulting with a physiotherapist before starting hydrotherapy is crucial to create a personalized program that aligns with your needs and ensures a safe and effective experience.
While ozone injection therapy is generally considered safe, there can be potential risks and side effects. These may include infection, bleeding, or an allergic reaction at the injection site. It's crucial to undergo ozone injection therapy under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional who can assess your suitability for the treatment and monitor for any adverse reactions.
Yes, in many cases, individuals can continue other forms of exercise while undergoing non-surgical hip arthritis treatment. However, it's important to consult with your healthcare provider or physiotherapist to determine which exercises are safe and beneficial based on your specific condition. Activities that exacerbate hip pain or put excessive strain on the joints should be approached with caution.
Lifestyle modifications that can complement non-surgical interventions for hip arthritis include:
  • Maintaining a Healthy Weight: Excess weight can contribute to joint stress; maintaining a healthy weight can alleviate pressure on the hip joints.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in low-impact exercises, such as walking or swimming, can support joint health and overall well-being.
  • Balanced Nutrition: A diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids, can be beneficial.
  • Joint Protection: Avoiding activities that place excessive strain on the hips and using assistive devices when necessary.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle can enhance the effectiveness of non-surgical interventions and contribute to long-term joint health.
While any licensed physiotherapist can provide general guidance, it may be beneficial to seek a physiotherapist with experience in musculoskeletal or orthopedic conditions, including hip arthritis. Look for a professional who has expertise in designing exercise programs tailored to address hip joint issues and improve overall function.
Yes, the approach to non-surgical treatment can vary based on the stage of hip arthritis. In the early stages, interventions may focus on pain management, preserving joint function, and preventing progression. As arthritis advances, treatments may become more comprehensive, addressing symptoms and potentially slowing down joint degeneration. The specific plan is often tailored to the individual's condition, symptoms, and goals.
Yes, non-surgical treatments can be used in conjunction with medications to manage hip arthritis symptoms. Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and pain relievers may be prescribed by healthcare providers to complement non-surgical interventions. Coordination between healthcare professionals is essential to ensure a comprehensive and personalized treatment approach.
The potential side effects of modalities like Interferential Therapy (IFT), Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), and ultrasound are generally minimal. However, some individuals may experience skin irritation or mild discomfort at the treatment site. It's crucial to use these modalities under the guidance of a trained professional to minimize the risk of adverse effects. If you experience any unusual reactions, it's important to inform your healthcare provider promptly.
The number of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy sessions for hip arthritis can vary based on factors such as the severity of arthritis, individual response to treatment, and the specific protocol followed by the healthcare provider. Typically, a series of injections may be administered, ranging from one to several sessions. A healthcare professional will assess your condition and provide a personalized treatment plan, which may involve periodic follow-up sessions as needed.
Yes, non-surgical treatments can often be repeated if symptoms of hip arthritis return over time. The decision to repeat treatments will depend on factors such as the effectiveness of the initial intervention, the progression of arthritis, and the individual's response. Periodic reassessment by a healthcare provider is essential to determine the most appropriate course of action and adjust the treatment plan as needed.
The cost comparison between non-surgical treatments and hip replacement surgery can vary widely based on factors such as the type of non-surgical intervention, the number of sessions required, and the specific surgical procedure. Generally, non-surgical treatments may have a lower upfront cost compared to surgery. However, it's important to consider the long-term costs, including potential repeat sessions and ongoing management. Consulting with healthcare providers and insurance providers can help estimate and compare costs.
While undergoing non-surgical hip arthritis treatment, there may be some recommendations or restrictions on certain daily activities. These restrictions are often tailored to the individual's condition and treatment plan. For example, activities that place excessive stress on the hip joint may be limited. A physiotherapist or healthcare provider will provide guidance on modifications and restrictions based on your specific needs.
Yes, non-surgical interventions can be used for various hip conditions besides arthritis. These may include injuries, tendonitis, bursitis, and other musculoskeletal issues. The specific treatment approach will depend on the underlying condition and its severity. Consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial to determine the most appropriate non-surgical intervention for a specific hip condition.
Prolotherapy involves injecting a solution to stimulate tissue repair and strengthen ligaments. In the context of hip arthritis, prolotherapy may contribute to pain management by promoting stability and reducing stress on the joint. The injections are targeted to the affected areas, encouraging the body's natural healing processes. Research on the effectiveness of prolotherapy for hip arthritis is ongoing.
Yes, there is ongoing research into new non-surgical treatments for hip arthritis. Researchers are exploring innovative approaches, including different types of injections, regenerative medicine techniques, and advanced physiotherapy protocols. Staying informed about the latest research developments can help individuals and healthcare providers make informed decisions about treatment options.
Before opting for non-surgical hip arthritis treatment, it's important to discuss the following with your healthcare provider:
  • Your specific symptoms and medical history.
  • The goals and expected outcomes of the proposed treatment.
  • Any potential risks or side effects associated with the chosen intervention.
  • The number of sessions or duration of treatment recommended.
  • Whether the treatment can be repeated if needed.
  • The overall impact on daily activities and lifestyle.
Open communication with your healthcare provider ensures that the chosen non-surgical treatment aligns with your individual needs and circumstances.

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